diaeresis – Wiktionary

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January 27, 2021 0 Comments


Various kinds[edit]


From Late Latin diaeresis, from Historical Greek διαίρεσις (diaíresis, division, cut up), from διά (diá, aside) + αἱρέω (hairéō, I take).



diaeresis (plural diaereses)

  1. (orthography) A diacritic ( ¨ ) positioned over a vowel letter (particularly the second of two consecutive ones) indicating that it’s sounded individually, normally forming a definite syllable, as within the English phrases naïve, Noël and Brontë, the French haïr and the Dutch ruïne.
    Synonym: trema
    Coordinate time period: umlaut
  2. (linguistics, prosody) Distraction; the separation of a vowel, typically a diphthong, into two distinct syllables.
  3. (prosody) A pure break in rhythm when a phrase ends on the finish of a metrical foot, in a line of verse.
  4. (linguistics, prosody) Hiatus; the prevalence of separate vowel sounds in adjoining syllables with out an intervening consonant.

Utilization notes[edit]

  • The umlaut is an typically visually an identical diacritic which alters the sound of a single vowel (as in German schön). Correctly talking, the phrases diaeresis and umlaut aren’t interchangeable, although audio system continuously use the time period umlaut to discuss with a diaeresis.


The translations under have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry structure § Translations.

Additional studying[edit]



From the Historical Greek δῐαίρεσῐς (diaíresis).



diaeresis f (genitive diaeresis or diaereseōs or diaeresios); third declension

  1. (grammar) diaeresis (division of a diphthong into two vowels in consecutive syllables)
    • AD 98–138, Velius Longus (aut.), T.H.G. Keil (ed.), Liber de orthographia in Grammatici Latini VII (1880), p. 57, ll. 21–28:
      sed et quidam in hac quoque scriptione voluerunt esse differentiam, ut pluralis quidem numeri nominativus casus per a et e scriberetur, genetivus vero singularis per a et i, hoc quoque argumentantes, quod diaeresis, sive dialysis illa dicetur, a nominativo plurali non match, sed ex singulari obliquo, cum dicitur  ‘ a u l a i   i n   m e d i o ’  et //  d i v e s   e q u u m ,   d i v e s   p i c t a i   v e s t i s   e t   a u r i ,  // merchandise rei nostrai, faciendai, magnai.

      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • circa AD 384, Ser. Honoratus (aut.), G. Thilo & H. Hagen (eds.), In Vergilii Aeneidos commentarii in Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii carmina commentarii II (1884), bk vii, l. 464 (p. 160, ll. 1–9):
      Fvrit intvs aqvai fvmidvs id est aquae amnis: nec inmerito; nam potest esse et alterius rei amnis, “ut fluvios videt ille cruoris”. Hanc autem diaeresin Tucca et Varius fecerunt: nam Vergilius sic reliquerat “furit intus aquae amnis” et “exuberat amnis”: quod satis asperum fuit. Notandum quod in toto Vergilio non reperiuntur nisi quattuor diaereses, hoc loco, et in tertio ⟨354⟩, ut “aulai medio libabant pocula Bacchi”, et in VI. ⟨747⟩ ut “aurai simplicis ignem”, et in IX. ⟨26⟩ “dives pictai vestis et auri”.

      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (rhetoric) distribution
    • (Can we discover and add a citation of Julius Valerius Alexander Polemius to this entry?)
    • (Can we discover and add a citation of Tyrannius Rufinus to this entry?)


Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

1Discovered typically in Medieval and New Latin.




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