Phosphorus and potassium handouts, quizzes, and puzzle

Phosphorus and potassium handouts, quizzes, and puzzle
December 30, 2020 0 Comments

As renal dietitians, we spend a serious portion of our time counseling sufferers on phosphorus and potassium. Over time, it turns into troublesome to search out new methods to current the identical data. As a result of sufferers have to be constantly re-educated, having the identical data introduced to them in new and enjoyable methods is each motivating and essential. Not solely have been the next handouts developed as primary academic items, however they have been additionally used as a software for academic contests at our dialysis middle. We held a phosphorus contest at our unit and recorded all of the sufferers’ phosphorus ranges from that month. To advertise the occasion, we instructed all of the sufferers in regards to the contest and offered a written handout outlining all the main points. Sufferers who lowered their phosphorus degree in 1 month or who achieved the specified phosphorus degree gained a prize. As well as, the affected person on every shift who lowered his or her phosphorus probably the most gained a present certificates to a neighborhood meals retailer. Every week throughout the contest the sufferers got a handout, a quiz, or a puzzle. Week 1, the sufferers got a packet referred to as “Steps Towards Good Phosphorus Management.” An introduction web page on the influence of extra phosphorus on the physique, a handout on phosphorus within the food plan, and a question-and-answer web page about phosphorus binders have been offered. This packet was put collectively to clarify the competition and to supply sufferers the wanted instruments to decrease their phosphorus ranges. Week 2, the sufferers got a 10-question multiple-choice quiz on phosphorus. Help was offered for any sufferers that wanted assist studying or answering the quiz. In lots of situations, spontaneous and enjoyable discussions would happen between sufferers in addition to between affected person and dietitian relating to the competition and quiz. Sufferers who obtained right solutions would clarify to different sufferers (below the steerage of the dietitian) why sure solutions have been right. For the opposite sufferers who most well-liked to take the quiz independently, quizzes have been collected and “graded” with the right solutions offered. The quizzes got again to the sufferers, sparking glorious dialog. Week 3, the sufferers got a excessive phosphorus phrase search to strengthen the necessity to restrict high-phosphorus meals in a enjoyable and memorable approach. The sufferers at my unit particularly loved such a exercise as a result of a lot of them do phrase searches throughout their dialysis remedy. By the conclusion of the competition, 71% of the sufferers had lowered their phosphorus degree or maintained it throughout the wholesome vary. Furthermore, there was a 20% enhance in variety of sufferers acquiring a calcium-phosphorus product of ≤55. Fifty-one of the 80 sufferers acquired prizes, and 6 further sufferers acquired meals market present certificates. The competition was certainly successful. The handouts, quizzes, and puzzle on the next pages have been developed to show and reinforce the renal food plan in a enjoyable and attention-grabbing approach. It’s my hope that different dietitians will discover these supplies and contest concepts useful and that their sufferers will profit in an identical approach, simply as mine did.

Potassium is a mineral that’s wanted on your muscle groups to work correctly. Your coronary heart is a serious muscle and an excessive amount of potassium can have an effect on your coronary heart and trigger it to cease beating.

Fruit and veggies are a serious supply of potassium. To manage your potassium degree, restrict your consumption of mixed fruit and vegetable servings to five per day. Serving dimension is essential. 1 serving is normally

½ cup or 1 small piece.

LIMIT THE FOLLOWING HIGH POTASSIUM FRUITS: MELONS: honeydew, cantaloupe, watermelon DRIED FRUITS: figs, apricots, dates, prunes, raisins CITRUS FRUITS: orange, orange juice, tangelo, nectarine PASSION FRUITS: kiwi, mango, papaya, guava, casaba, coconut MISCELLANEOUS: bananas, avocados

LIMIT THE FOLLOWING HIGH POTASSIUM VEGETABLES: POTATOES: baked, mashed, candy, white, french fries, chips TOMATOES: juice, soup, spaghetti sauce, salsa SQUASH: winter, acorn, hubbard, butternut, spaghetti, pumpkin DRIED BEANS: lima, crimson, garbanzo, navy, white, pinto, kidney, black DRIED PEAS: chickpeas, black-eyed, cut up peas, cowpeas, lentils MISCELLANEOUS: artichoke, baked beans, kohlrabi, spinach, parsnip, swiss chard, beet greens, rutabaga

Consuming out with potassium:

 What do you have to do?

You and a good friend resolve to exit to a restaurant for lunch. The next meals are listed on the menu:

  • Hamburger on a Bun

  • Tuna Salad in White Bread

  • Roast Beef Sandwich

  • Grilled Rooster Sandwich on a roll

  • Spaghetti with Tomato Sauce

  • Cottage Cheese and Contemporary Fruit

  • French Fries

  • Baked Potato with Melted Cheese

  • Mashed Potatoes with Gravy

  • Macaroni Salad

  • Applesauce

  • Tossed Salad with Oil and Vinegar

  • Apple Pie

  • Fruit Cup

  • Cheesecake

  • Gelatin with Whipped Topping

In case your Potassium Stage was 5.3 mg/dl at your final laboratory report,

  • 1.

    Is that this degree of Potassium excessive, low or acceptable?

  • 2.

    Circle any meals gadgets that might be excessive sources of Potassium.

  • 3.

    What questions might you ask the waitperson regarding the preparation of those meals to be able to insure they’re acceptable together with your food plan?

Phosphorus is a mineral that’s discovered in lots of meals you eat. When your kidneys are usually not working proper, phosphorus builds up within the blood and causes many issues, together with bone illness. Signs of a excessive phosphorus degree embrace: itching, bone ache, weak point, joint ache, and damaged bones. Consuming proper and taking your phosphate binders together with your meals and snacks will assist forestall bone illness.

LIMIT THE FOLLOWING HIGH PHOSPHORUS FOODS: DAIRY PRODUCTS: milk, cheese, ice cream, yogurt, pudding, custard, ice milk, cream soup DRIED BEANS: black, garbanzo, nice northern, kidney, lima, navy, pinto, crimson, soy, white DRIED PEAS: black-eyed, inexperienced black-eyed, chickpeas, cowpeas, crowder, lentils, cut up peas CHOCOLATE and COCOA ALL NUTS and PEANUT BUTTER PORK and BEANS BROWN and WILD RICE ORGAN MEATS: mind, liver (beef and calf), liver sausage, liverwurst SEEDS: sunflower, squash, pumpkin SODA POP: Pepsi, Coke, RC Cola, Dr. Pepper, Mr. Pibb, and all food plan and caffeine-free varieties of those colas

Consuming out with phosphorus:

 What do you have to do?

You arrive at a good friend’s home for dinner and the next meals can be found so that you can choose from:

  • Break up Pea Soup

  • Crackers with Peanut Butter

  • Rooster Wings

  • Beef Barbecue on a roll

  • Macaroni and Cheese

  • Three-bean salad (inexperienced, wax/yellow, kidney)

  • Potato Salad

  • Pretzels

  • Peanuts

  • Iced Tea

  • Cola

  • Fruit Cup (peaches, pears, pineapple, apple)

In case your Phosphorus Stage was 6.1 mg/dl at your final laboratory report,

  • 1.

    Is your phosphorus degree excessive, low or acceptable?

  • 2.

    Circle the meals gadgets which are sources excessive in phosphorus.

  • 3.

    Checklist a meals merchandise(s) that might be a suitable substitute(s) for these meals listed above which are excessive in phosphorus.

Excessive phosphorus phrase search

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